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26 June 2019

ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC |Routine Hospital Diets|Special Feeding Methods

ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC |Routine Hospital Diets|Special Feeding Methods

Routine Hospital Diets

1. Clear Fluid Diet

This diet is made up of clear fluids ;
  • that leave no residue, and
  • it is non gas forming, 
  • non irritating and 
  • non stimulating to peristaltic action. 
This diet can meet the requirement of fluids and some
minerals and can be given in 1 to 2 hour intervals.

 The foods which can be included are - barley water, dhal water, tea and coffee without milk, etc.

2. Full Fluid Diet

This diet bridges the gap between the clear fluid and soft diet

 In this diet, foods which are liquid or which readily become liquid on reaching the stomach are given.

 It is used following operations, in acute gastritis, acute infections and in diarrhoea. 

This diet is given at 2 - 4 hours interval. 

The foods included are kanji, milk shakes, lassi, custards, etc.

3. Soft Diet

It may be used in acute infections, following surgery, and for
patients who are unable to chew.

 The soft diet is made up of simple, easily digested food and contains no harsh fibre and no rich highly seasoned food. 

In this diet, three meals with intermediate feedings should be given,

. Special Feeding Methods

1. Tube Feeding

This is done by passing a tube into the stomach or duodenum
through the nose which is called nasogastric feeding or 

directly by surgical operation known as gastrostomy and jejunostomy feeding.

The type of foods supplied through the tube may be
  • natural liquid foods
  •  solid foods blenderised to make liquid food
  •  commercially supplied polymeric mixtures or elemental diet
like Complan, Horlicks, etc.,

The advantages of tube feeding are

  •  Adequate nutrition could easily be given by this method.
  •  Foods and drugs which may not be liked by the patients can be administered.

2. Parenteral Feeding

Here the nutrient preparations are given directly into a vein.

This method may be used to supplement normal feeding by mouth
but can provide all the nutrients necessary to meet a patient’s

Then it is known as total parenteral nutrition or TPN. 

The nutrients given in TPN are glucose, emulsified fat, crystalline aminoacids, Vitamins including B12, folic acid and vitamin K, electrolytes like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, trace elements like Zinc, Copper, Iodine and Water.

This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here

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