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24 September 2023

How to Feed the Infant|What should be meal pattern of Infants?|ICDS Supervisor Kerala Study Materials


How to Feed the Infant|What should be meal pattern of Infants?|ICDS Supervisor Kerala Study Materials

meal pattern- of-infant-how-to-feed-infant

How to Feed the Infant

•Introduce only one food at a time; give enough time to the infant to get familiar with each food, before introducing another one.
•Give as much as the baby wants at a time; refrain from forcing the infant to eat.
•Try any new food a number of times; don’t give up if the infant refuses it initially; continue giving the food; the infant will slowly develop a taste for it.
•If a baby does not like a particular item, change it or give it in a different form e.g., if milk is disliked give ‘dahi’ (curd), it is as good as milk.
•Introduce a variety of foods to the infant so that in time he learns to accept various foods.

Cleanliness and hygiene

•Wash hands before cooking and giving food.
•Make sure all foods and the utensils used to prepare and serve the food are clean.
•Water used for any preparation should be clean and boiled.

What should be meal pattern?

The type and quality of food given would depend on the age of the infant. Consider the meal patterns A, B, C and D.

What should be meal pattern

From birth to four month only breast milk is to be given. 

There is no rigid rule for the number of times the infant should be fed each day. Feeding on a self-demand schedule is recommended. 

However, roughly 6-8 feeds can be given during the first few months which can be reduced slowly. 

By the age of 6 months babies should be given some staple based porridge about twice a day. 

One to two teaspoonfuls are enough to start with, followed by about 3- 6 large spoonfuls at each feed subsequently. 

By 9 months, however, atleast 4-5 supplements in addition to regular breastfeeding should be given.

The frequency of breastfeeding should be gradually reduced. In fact, by the time the child is 12-18 months,
attempts should be made to take the baby off the breast. 

By one year, the child is capable of eating and digesting a variety of foods.

 The child is ready to eat the family food i.e., chapati, dal, rice, vegetables etc. 

But the child may not be able to eat much at one time. 

On the other hand, the child’s energy needs, are greater than is indicated by its size. So the problem is how to provide enough energy food
to the child. The answer is:

•Feed the child frequently—five to six times a day in addition to breast milk/and
•Enrich the child’s food with a little oil or fat.
•Simple tips on infant feeding are listed in points to remember

Breast feeding

Breastfeed the baby soon after birth and feed frequently on demand.

Breastfeed for as long as possible (atleast one to one and a half years).

Supplementary Feeding

•Start supplementary feeding when a child is between 4 to 6 months of age.
•Introduce clean and strained liquid supplements like juice or soup at 4-6 months.
•Give well cooked and mashed supplements at 6-8 months.
•Give to the infants aged 9-11 months rusk, biscuits, pieces of carrot, cucumber to chew.
•Start giving the infant whatever is cooked for the family by the age of one year.
•Feed infants (of 10 months to 1 year) solid foods 5-6 times a day.
•Give such foods to the infant which are seasoned lightly (preferably only with salt); all other spices should be avoided.
•Offer a balanced diet; prepare nutritious mixes, using combination of foods.

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Common Health Problems in India & Different Levels of Health care in India

1. Meal Planning for the Infant

2. Spplementary foods for Infants

3. Importance of Breast Milk

4. How to Feed Infant? Meal Plan for Infants

5. Meal Planning for the Prechoolers

Topic wise Notes for ICDS Supervisor Exam


1.      Home Science

2.      Food and Nutrition

3.      Psychology

4.       Physiology

5.       Microbiology

6.       Sociology 

7.      Nutrition and Health 


MCQ Questions & Answers for ICDS Supervisor


1.      ICDS Supervisor NOTES

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3.      Previous Questions MCQ|ICDS Supervisor Exam|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC (21-30)

4.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ-1

5.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 1

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8.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 4

9.      Nutrition & Health MCQ 1

10.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 2

11.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 3

12.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 4

13.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

14.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 2

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20.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 8

21.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

22.  Elementary Care & Education MCQ

23.  Solved Previous Question Paper ICDS Supervisor

24.  Women & Child ICDS Supervisor Exam

25.  Extension Education Notes for ICDS Supervisor

26.  Complete NOTES Child Psychology



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