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23 September 2023

[updated]Supplementary Foods for Infants|ICDS Supervisor Kerala Study Materials|Liquid,Semi solid & Solid Supplemets for Infants

 Supplementary Foods for Infants|ICDS Supervisor Kerala Study Materials

supplentary-food-for -infants

Supplementary Feeding

This process of introducing foods other than breast milk in the diet of the infant is called supplementary feeding.

 It is also referred to as wearing. 

What kind of supplementary foods should be given:

Check also: ICDS Supervisor Books

Liquid,Semi solid & Solid Supplemets for Infants

In general, based on the age of the infant, one could vary the texture and consistency of the supplements as follows:

(a) Liquid Supplements at—4-6 months.

(b) Semisolid to solid supplements—well cooked and mashed between 6-8 months.

(c) Solid supplements—chopped or lumpy between 8-12 months.

 Liquid Supplements

 To begin with, at about 4 months, along with breast milk, certain liquid supplements like juices, soups or other milk substitutes (like animal milk) can be given.

Juices of seasonal fruits such as oranges, musambi and grapes provide protective nutrients (likely vitamin

C) which are not present in sufficient amounts in breast milk. Along with fruit juice, soups of green

leafy vegetables may be given.


The soup can be prepared by boiling the vegetable in minimum water and a little salt and then straining it through a sieve. The liquid obtained may then be fed to the baby. In addition, thin dal soup can also be given.

In the early stages fruit juices can be diluted with equal amounts of boiled water and only a couple of teaspoons can be fed.

Thereafter, the amount can be gradually increased and at the same time the dilution can be cut down. In a few weeks the baby can be given 3 ounces or 85 ml (a little less than half glass) of orange juice or the soup.

A Word of Caution: Juices, soups when diluted with excess water and strained may not be able to provide adequate nutrients.


Hence, it is advised to use minimum of water for dilution.


Similarly mash the dal/rice with the water used for cooking and feed it to the infant instead of serving ‘dal ka pani’.


Semisolid and Solid Supplements


As the child grows, the kind and quality of food given changes.


From liquid supplements there is a gradual transition to semisolid/solid foods.

The first solid food commonly offered at 5-6 months is a soft thin, liquidy porridge mad e from the staple food of the community.

 The porridge can be prepared by cooking the cereals (i.e., wheat, rice, semolina etc.) with milk and sugar. Such a preparation is called the basic mix i.e., when the staple (cereal) has one food(usually a protein source) added to it. A common basic mix served to the infants in the south is ‘ragi kanjee’ and in the north ‘suji kheer’.


Other than the porridge, starchy fruits and vegetables which are cooked well and mashed can be given round 5-6 months.

Roots and tubers, vegetables that can be given in the mashed state include potatoes, sweet potatoes, yam, carrots, green leafy vegetables.


It is advisable to boil these vegetables in minimum water till tender and then to mash them properly.

The mashed vegetable can be fed as such or with a little salt or/and ghee/butter could be added to provide more energy.

Remember, only the pulp of vegetables is to be given.

The skin and seeds, if any, and other fibrous matter is to be discarded.


Among the fruits—bananas, papaya, mangoes or any other seasonal fruit could be mashed and given as such, whereas, other fruits like pineapple, peaches

etc. need to be first stewed (i.e., boiled in a little water and sugar till tender) and mashed before being served.

Remember to discard skin, seeds of the fruits before serving.

Other supplements which could be given include

yolk of a hard-boiled egg, finely minced and cooked meat, mashed fish (without bone), well-cooked and mashed dals.

 Salt, can be added to taste. Small amount of fat (i.e., butter) can also be added to provide more energy.

Along with all these supplementary foods remember breastfeeding should be continued.

Solid Supplement

 By eight months, you would notice that the baby starts teething.

 This is the right time to change him over to chopped and lumpy (thick) foods. The foods which were boiled and mashed earlier should be now just boiled and cut into small pieces before being served.

For instance, vegetables like potato and carrots could be boiled and cut into small pieces. Minced meat and fish could be boiled and served as such instead of mashing.


Soft cooked rice or small pieces of chapaties may also be introduced at this stage.

As the infant is teething, it is beneficial to give more of crunchy foods like a hard biscuit or a piece of toast/rusk or a slice of raw carrot or a fruit segment (seeds and skin removed) which would be ideal for the child to chew.

These foods would aid in teething and provide exercise to the gums.

In addition to this, thick porridges can be prepared and served to the infant. Earlier you studied about the basic mix i.e., cereal porridges prepared by adding milk and sugar.


Now other than milk, foods like pulses, animal foods, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables can also be added to the staple to form a multimix.

When the staple i.e., the cereal has more foods added to it, (protein source plus vitamin/mineral source) we call it a multimix.

A commonly used multimix in the north is ‘khichri’ and ‘pongal’ in the south. Multimixes can be prepared by mixing the following food items:

Cereal + pulse + green leafy vegetable


Cereal + pulse + milk


Cereal + pulse + vegetable + curd


Cereal + animal food + green leafy vegetable


Cereal + milk + fruit + nuts (finely ground)


Cereal + animal food + green leafy vegetable


Cereal + animal food + orange yellow vegetable (carrot, pumpkin etc.)

Multimixes can be introduced as early as 6-7 months of age.


By the age of one year (i.e., 12 months) the baby can take all solid foods. In fact, the infant should be eating

food prepared for the family, for example rice/dal; chapati/ dal; rice/fish; chapati/subji. A chapati can be crumpled into small pieces and softened with milk, dal or curd and salted or sweetened according to the baby’s taste and served.


Rice can be served with dal and vegetable all mixed well. Attempts should be made to get the infant slowly on to the family meal pattern.

Along with these foods breastfeeding should be continued.


But if breast milk has ceased, then the child can be given half a litre of animal milk per day either a such or as curd, cottage cheese or milk pudding or porridge.

Along with the supplementary foods, one should provide plenty of water/fluids to the infants. Small amounts of boiled and cooled water should be given 2 to 3 times a day or more often, depending on the need.


More water needs to be given during hot seasons and especially if the baby has diarrhoea.

ICDS Supervisor Questions and Answers

Common Health Problems in India & Different Levels of Health care in India

Read Also: 

1. Meal Planning for the Infant

2. Spplementary foods for Infants

3. Importance of Breast Milk

4. How to Feed Infant? Meal Plan for Infants

5. Meal Planning for the Prechoolers

Topic wise Notes for ICDS Supervisor Exam


1.      Home Science

2.      Food and Nutrition

3.      Psychology

4.       Physiology

5.       Microbiology

6.       Sociology 

7.      Nutrition and Health 


MCQ Questions & Answers for ICDS Supervisor


1.      ICDS Supervisor NOTES

2.      Previous Questions MCQ|ICDS Supervisor Exam|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC (1-20)

3.      Previous Questions MCQ|ICDS Supervisor Exam|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC (21-30)

4.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ-1

5.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 1

6.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 2

7.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 3

8.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 4

9.      Nutrition & Health MCQ 1

10.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 2

11.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 3

12.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 4

13.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

14.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 2

15.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 3

16.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 4

17.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 5

18.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 6

19.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 7

20.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 8

21.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

22.  Elementary Care & Education MCQ

23.  Solved Previous Question Paper ICDS Supervisor

24.  Women & Child ICDS Supervisor Exam

25.  Extension Education Notes for ICDS Supervisor

26.  Complete NOTES Child Psychology



Nutrition Notes


5 Food Groups

Nutrition MCQ 1

Nutrition MCQ 2


More Topic wise Notes can be got from the Website https://www.previousquestions.in


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