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LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Previous Question Papers|Kerala PSC LP UP Assistant Previous Question Papers

12:43 AM

LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Previous Question Papers|

Kerala PSC LP UP Assistant Previous Question Papers



The notification of Kerala PSC LP -UP Assistant will be notified soon. The Exam pattern and Syllabus for LP Assistant and UP Assistant Can be got from my another website My Notebook.

   The  LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Previous Question Papers pdf are provided below, so that the candidates can prepare accordingly.

   In this website, you can get the question papers of all PSC exam, that will be uploaded soon. If you find any question paper that you need is missing, you can comment below.

Kerala PSC LP UP Assistant Previous Question Paper 2017



Download Answer Key of LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Exam 2017


You can also Get.

 RRB NTPC Previous question papers HERE

SCERT Text books pdf Download HERE




LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Previous Question Papers|Kerala PSC LP UP Assistant Previous Question Papers LP UP Assistant Kerala PSC Previous Question Papers|Kerala PSC LP UP Assistant Previous Question Papers Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 12:43 AM Rating: 5

Psychology Introduction-What is Psychology? ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC

8:37 AM

Psychology Introduction|What is Psychology?ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC


This article is very important for ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. The syllabus for the Exam can be get from below links.

<img src="ICDS Supervisor" alt="Psychology Notes ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC" />
Psychology ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC


Psychology is defined formally as a science which studies mental processes, experiences and behaviour in different contexts.

It is said that psychology is derived from two Greek words psyche meaning soul and logos meaning science or study of a subject.

 The three terms used in the definition, namely, mental processes, experience, and behaviour. 

   When we say experiences are internal to the experiencing person, then we refer to states of consciousness or awareness or mental processes. We use our mental processes when we think or try to solve a problem, to know or remember something.

Psychologists also study experiences of people. Experiences are subjective in nature. We cannot directly observe or know someone else’s experience. Only the experiencing person can be aware or be conscious of her or his experiences. Thus, experiences are embedded in our awareness or consciousness.

Behaviours are responses or reactions we make or activities we engage in. 

When something is hurled at you, your eyes blink in a simple reflex action.

 You are taking an examination and can feel your heart pounding. 

You decide to go for a particular movie with a friend. 

Behaviours may be simple or complex, short or enduring.  Some behaviours are overt. 

They can be outwardly seen or sensed by an observer. Some are internal or covert.  When you are in a difficult situation while playing a game of chess you almost feel your hand muscles twitching, trying to experiment with a move. 

All behaviours, covert or overt, are associated with or triggered by some stimulus in the environment or changes that happen internally.

This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here


Psychology Introduction-What is Psychology? ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Psychology Introduction-What is Psychology? ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 8:37 AM Rating: 5

Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC

5:33 AM


Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC

<img src="Types-of-Family-Sociology"alt="ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Sociology"/>
Types of Family- Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC


Types of Family


Types/Classification of Family   

 According to Anderson there is no man who does not belong to a family no matter in which form. 

According to Mac Iver and Page there are two kinds of family – Orientation & Procreation.



I. On the basis of authority 

there are 2 types of family 
  1. Patriarchal 
  2.  Matriarchal 
1.Patriarchal

This type of family is  male dominant especially father or the eldest male. 

He is the supreme authority, the property is in his hands .

2. Matriarchal 

In this type of family , the authority on the hand of mother.





II.On the basis of residence 



1. Patrilocal 
2. Matrilocal 

 1. Patrilocal 

In this type of family the members stay in father's house

2. Matrilocal 

In this type of family, the members stay in mothers' house 



III.On the basis ancestors 


1.Patritinial  

2.Matrilinial 

1.Patritinial  

This type of family demanded from pap's side 

2.Matrilinial 

This type of family from mother's side.


IV.On the basis of Marriage 


1.Monogamous 

This is based on marriage between one male and one female and the male is allowed to marry again if his wife allows.


2.Polygamy 

This refers to that family which has one male, two female or one female two male. 

This is subdivided into 2.

(a)Polyandrous (b) polygynous 

(a)Polyandrous
 one male and more than one female marriage . 

After 1955 the Hindus were restricted to having more than one at a time. 

The muslims are allowed to have upto 4. 

This came into being because of the ratio of man and women – women's ratio being more. (I can keep 4 or 5 wives). 

Also the Rajputs in war married the queens of the kings and defeated or kept them as mistresses. 

(b)polygynous 

 The women  many husbands again divided into two 

(i) Fraternal (ii) Non-fraternal.

 (i)  Fraternal: the hubbies are brothers like Draupadi – the ratio of man and women that of man being 

(ii) Non-fraternal: Matrilocal . It is usually so the hubbies are not brothers.

 This type is still found in the tribal like the Todas of Nilgiris, Nayars of Malabar in Kerala.


V.Family based on No. of members of family: 


1. Nuclear family 

2. Joint family 

1. Nuclear family 

It is that family where husband, wife and mostly unmarried children. This is due to civilization and industrialization on the basis of relationship.

2. Joint family 

    This  is specially an important characteristics of the Indian society. 

A group of families living together eating food, cooked under a single (same) roof, holding property in common, worship a common deity and the members are related to each other by some particular type of kinder. 

The head is the father and he decides everything in the family.



In this family there is a generation depth of 3 or more generations. It is also called as an extended family in  society 



There are 2 types (1) consanguineous (ii) conjugal

 (i) refers to the family with blood relation. 
The husband and wife too are blood relations, in Muslim. 
 (ii) The husband and wife come from different class or families (i.e. family of procreation)


This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here
Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 5:33 AM Rating: 5

ICDS Supervisor Exam| Women and Child Development Objective Questions

4:44 AM

ICDS Supervisor Exam| Women and Child Development Objective Questions



 Thematic apperception test (TAT) is an example of:

(a) Interview
(b) Projective test
(c) Objective test
(d) Q-Sort

MMPI refers to:

(a) Minnesotta Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(b) Mnemonic Multiphasic Personality Inventory
(c) Minnesotta Multiple Personality Inventory
(d) Minnesotta Multiphasic Personality Investigation
(d) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Investigation

 The first stage of Freud's Psycho Sexual Development is:

(a) Oral stage
(b) Anal stage
(c) Phallic stage
(d) Latent stage


  Father of programmed learning is:

(a) Skinner
(b) Pavlov
(c) Miller
(d) J.B. Watson

 Skinner box is used for:

(a) Motor learning
(b) Verbal learning
(c) Sensory learning
(d) Problem solving

 Short term memory is also called:

(a) Minute memory
(b) Conscious memory
(c) Life time memory
(d) Working memory

 Calculation of IQ can done by:

(a)VA/MAx 100
(b) MA/CA X 100
(c) MA+ CA/ 100
(d) MA x CA/ 100

Mirage is an example of:

(a) Illusion
(b) Hallucination
(c) Delusion
(d) Fantasy



The main vector of denque fever is:

(a) Aedes Aegypti
(b) Aedes Albopictus
(c) Aedes Polynesiensis
(d) Aedes Scutellaris

Angan Wadies started in the year:

(a) 1975
(b) 1980
(c) 1985
(d) 1986

The first baby friendly state in India is:

(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Karnataka
(c) Andrapradesh
(d) Kerala

Breast feeding is continued upto what age?

(a) 1 year
(b) 2 year
(c) 3 year
(d) 6 month

Contributory pension scheme started from:

(a) April 1, 2014
(b) April 1, 2013
(c) April 1, 2015
(d) April 1, 2012

Which is a man made disaster in the following?

(a) Tsunami
(b) Bhopal Gas Tragedy
(c) Volcanic Eruption
(d) Flood

According to WHO health is a state of well being

(a) Physical
(b) Physical, Mental, Social
(c) Mental
(d) Physical, emotional, social

Bile helps in the digestion of:

(a) Carbohydrates
(b) Protein
(c) Fat
(d) Minerals


The planning commission was setup in the year:

(a) 1948
(b) 1950
(c) 1951
(d) 1952

Apartheid refers to:

(a) Social discrimination
(b) Political discrimination
(c) Racial discrimination
(d) Spatial discrimination

Sleep talking is known as:

(a) Somnambulism
(b) Bruxism
(c) Somniloquy
(d)stammering

The hardest substance in the body is:

(a) Peritoneum
(b) Bone
(c) Enamel
(d) Cementum

 Ishihara Test is used for:


(a) Vision
(b) Personality
(c) Color Blindness
(d) Psychological test


 Which among the following is a part of Frued's level of personality?

(a) Id
(b) Ego
(c) Super Ego


(d) All the above

 The building block of society is:

(a) Culture
(b) Religion
(c) Family
(d) Worshipping Centre

The term sociology was coined by:


(a) Saint Simon
(b) Herbert Spencer
(c) Durkheim
(d) Auguste Comte

Leprosy is otherwise known as:

(a) Hansen's disease
(b) Hashimotos disease
(c) Weils disease
(d) None

Malaria is transmitted by:

(a) Female anopheles mosquito
(b) Male anopheles mosquito
(c) Culex mosquito
(d) Aedes mosquito

Malaria is transmitted by:

(a) Female anopheles mosquito
(b) Male anopheles mosquito
(c) Culex mosquito
(d) Aedes mosquito

Who discovered anti rabies vaccine?

(a) Louis Pasteur
(b) Edward Jenner
(c) Joseph Lister
(d) None

The enzyme present in Saliva:

(a) Pepsin
(b) Trypin
(c) Ptyalin
(d) Lactase

Which of the following vitamins help in blood clotting?

(a) Vitamin A
(b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin E
(d) Vitamin K

Bile helps in the digestion of:

(a) Carbohydrates
(b) Protein
(c) Fat
(d) Minerals


This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Exam| Women and Child Development Objective Questions ICDS Supervisor Exam| Women and Child Development Objective Questions Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 4:44 AM Rating: 5

Who was the INC President at the time of Indian Independence?|Village Extension officer Previous Questions and answers with Explanation

7:22 AM


 Who was the INC President at the time of Indian Independence?


Ans:  C  - J B Kripalani(1947), Meerut Session


 Important Points :


 Indian National Congress


·         INC was  Founded in 28 December 1885

·         Founder:Allan Octavian Hume

·         Lok Sabha leader: Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury    
    
·         Rajya Sabha leader: Ghulam Nabi Azad

·         1885-First president of INC- W C Banergee- Bombay

·         1906- Culcutta session- Dadabai Naoroji- “ Swaraj declaration”

·         1929 – Lahore Session- Jawahar Lal Nehru – “ Poorna Swaraj”

·         1907 – Surat Session- Rash Bihari Ghosh – “ Soorat Split” – INC split in to Moderates and Extremists

·         1924 – Belgam session – Gandhiji –

·         1942 – Abul Kalam Azad- at the time of Quit India

·         1959 – Delhi Special Session – Indira Gandhi

·         1998-2017 – Calcutta – Sonia Gandhi

·         2017- 2019  - Delhi- Rahul Gandhi







Who was the INC President at the time of Indian Independence?|Village Extension officer Previous Questions and answers with Explanation  Who was the INC President at the time of Indian Independence?|Village Extension officer Previous Questions and  answers with Explanation Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 7:22 AM Rating: 5

ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|PUBERTY|Social Work|Developmental Psychology |Human Behaviour in Social Environment

4:52 AM

ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|PUBERTY|Social Work


Developmental Psychology (Human Behaviour in Social Environment)



PUBERTY



This is the period in the development span when the child changes from an asexual to a sexual being. 

 As Root has explained “Puberty is that stage in development during which maturation of the sexual organs occurs and reproductive capacity is attained. This stage is also called “age of manhood”

It refers to the physical rather than the behavioral changes which occur when the individual becomes sexually mature and is capable of producing off springs.


   Males begin to produce sperm when 14 years have been completed at the same time pubic hair begins to appear.


  In female a swelling of the breast begins and the menses begins.


Puberty is a unique and distinctive period and is characterised by certain developmental changes that occur, at no other time in the life span.

Puberty is an overlapping period - because it encompasses the closing years of childhood and the beginning years of adolescence.

Until they are sexually mature, children are known as “pubescents” after they become sexually mature, they are called “adolescents”.

Puberty is a short period - last from two to four years when many and extensive changes take place inside the body as well as externally. 

 They can be ‘rapid matures’ or ‘slow matures’. 


Girl tend to mature more rapidly than boys, but there are marked variations within each sex groups.


Puberty is divided into stages - though it is short period in the life span, it is subdivided into three stages namely the prepubescent stage, the pubescent stage and the post pubescent stage.


1. Stages of Puberty

1. Prepubescent Stage

  This stage overlaps the closing year or two of childhood when the
child is regarded as a “prepubescent” – one who is no longer a child
but not yet an adolescent. During the prepubescent (or “maturing”) stage, the secondary sex characteristics begin to appear but the reproductive organs are not yet fully developed.

2. Pubescent Stage

 This stage occurs at the dividing line between childhood and adolescence; the time when the criteria of sexual maturity appear –the menarche in girls and the first nocturnal emissions in boys.

During the pubescent (or “mature”) stage, the secondary sex characteristics continue to develop and cells are produced in the
sex organs.

3. Postpubescent Stage

This stage overlaps the first year or two of adolescence. 

During this stage, the secondary sex characteristics become well developed and the sex organs begin to function in a mature manner.


Puberty is a time of rapid growth and change - puberty is one of the two periods in the life span that are characterised by rapid growth and marked changes in body proportions. 

It is refered to as “adolescent growth spurt”.

Puberty is a negative phase - an ‘anti’ attitude towards life. 

There is evidence that negative attitude and behavior are characteristics mainly of the early part of puberty and that the worst of the negative phase is over when the individual becomes sexually mature. 

This is pronounced in girls than in boys.

Puberty occurs at a variable age - puberty can occur at any time between the ages of five or six and ninteen years. 

There are also variations in the amount of time needed to complete the transformation process of puberty.


Criteria of Puberty used to determine the onset and to pin point a particular stage that the child has reached are the menarche, nocturnal emissions, evidence derived from chemical analysis of the urine, x-rays of bone development.

The menarche, or the first menstruation, is a criteria of sexual maturity for girls. 

On the other hand for boys it is nocturnal emission, chemical analysis of the first urine passed by boys and the presence of oestrogen for girls is done, x-rays of hands and knees has proved to be dependable.

Conditions Responsible for Puberty Changes

Role of the Pituitary Gland

  The pituitary gland produces two hormones: the growth hormone, which is influential in determining the individual’s size, and the gonadotropic hormone, which stimulates the gonads to increased activity. 

  Just before puberty, there is a gradual increase in the amount of the gonadotropic hormone and an increased sensitivity of the gonads to this hormone; this initiates puberty changes.

Role of the Gonads

   With the growth and development of the gonads, the sex organs –
the primary sex characteristics – increase in size and become functionally mature, and the secondary sex characteristics, such as pubic hair develop.


Interaction of the Pituitary Gland and the Gonads

The hormones produced by the gonads, which have been stimulated by the gonadotropic hormone produced by the pituitary gland, act in turn on this gland and cause a gradual reduction in the amount of growth hormone produced, thus stopping the growth process. 

The interaction between the gonadotropic hormone and the gonads continues throughout the individual’s reproductive life,gradually  decreasing as women approach the menopause and men
approach the climacteric.

This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|PUBERTY|Social Work|Developmental Psychology |Human Behaviour in Social Environment ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|PUBERTY|Social Work|Developmental Psychology |Human Behaviour in Social Environment Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 4:52 AM Rating: 5

Classification of communication|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience

9:45 AM

Classification of communication|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience


Classification of communication



Communication can be classified on the basis of the following depending on the levels, types, forms and modes

A. Classification based on the type of interaction


(i) One-way communication: 

In such situations the receiver receives information but is either never able to reciprocate to the sender or cannot respond immediately. 

Therefore, communication remains one–way. 

Speeches, lectures, sermons, listening to music on the radio or a music system, watching any entertainment programmes on television, using internet to search information on a website, etc. are examples of one-way communication.


(ii) Two-way communication: 


This is communication that takes place between two or more persons where all the parties communicating with each other share or exchange ideas, thoughts, information, etc. either silently or verbally. 

examples could be talking on mobile phone, discussing about future plans with one’s mother, using internet for chatting, etc.

When a baby cries to communicate her/his hunger, she/he is fed by the mother in response. The cry of the baby is the message that communicates the hunger of the child and is vital for the survival of the baby. Thus, in this case the communication is two-way.



B. Classification based on the levels of communication


(i) Inter-personal communication: 


It refers to sharing of thoughts and ideas with one or more people in a face-to-face situation.

 It can take place in a formal or an informal situation. 

Varied means of communication like body movements, facial expressions, gestures, postures, written text and verbal modes such as words and sounds can be used for this type of communication.


Examples are talking to your friend about difficulties faced while studying or conducting an experiment or participating in a panel discussion followed by question-answer session.


Inter-personal communication is the most effective and ideal type
of communication for two reasons.

1.  First, there is always proximity and direct contact between the communicatee and the communicator, and therefore it is easy to persuade, motivate and convince the communicatee for acceptance of the introduced idea or thought. 

2, Second, instantaneous and strong feedback with direct response of communicatee on the introduced idea is possible.


(ii) Intra-personal communication:


This refers to communicating with oneself. 


This is a form of mental process involving observing, analysing, and drawing conclusions meaningful to the individual’s present, past and future behaviour and life.


It is an on-going process that transpires inside an individual.

For instance, mental rehearsal before appearing in an interview or oral exam.

(ii) Inter-personal communication: 


It refers to sharing of thoughts and ideas with one or more people in a face-to-face situation. 

It can take place in a formal or an informal situation. 

Varied means of communication like body movements, facial expressions, gestures, postures, written text and verbal modes such as words and sounds can be used for this


Examples are talking to your friend about difficulties faced while
studying or conducting an experiment or participating in a panel
discussion followed by question-answer session.


Inter-personal communication is the most effective and ideal type
of communication for two reasons. 


(iii) Group Communication: 

This form of communication is direct and personal, such as inter-personal communication, but with the involvement of more than two persons in the communication process.


Group communication helps to facilitate a participatory approach and collective decision-making, gives an opportunity for self-expression, and increases the individual’s impact in a gathering, thereby augmenting one’s status in the group. 


It also helps in recreation and relaxation, socialising and motivating. 

A range of audio-visual aids may be used to enhance group communication.


(iv) Mass Communication:

 As a result of considerable advancement in technology, making thoughts, ideas and innovations reach the larger section of society has become possible. 


Mass communication can be defined as the process of multiplying messages with the help of any mechanical device and disseminating the same to the masses. 

The means and media of mass communication are radio, TV, satellite communication, newspapers, and magazines. 


The audiences of mass communication are very large in size, heterogeneous and anonymous, spread over a large area and separated from the communicator in terms of time and space. For these reasons it is not possible to take a correct, complete, direct and immediate feedback; rather there is slow, cumulative, expensive, and delayed feedback

(v) Intra-organisational Communication: 

Organisational communication takes place in highly structured settings. Just like human beings, when people work together in an organisation, organisations also establish and maintain relationships. 


They use various levels of communication within their environment and amongst their departments or sections.


Every organisation has different levels or hierarchy of ranks working together for achieving common goals. 


The information flow in such organisations is expected to be two-way at the same level and one-way across levels.



(vi) Inter-organisational Communication: 

This refers to the communication system developed by one organisation to communicate with other organisations with the aim of working in cooperation and coordination with each other. 

For example, for assistance in developmental activities of the country, both technical and financial support is provided by international agencies, whereas, administrative support is given by the Central government and State governments.

C. Classification based on the means or modes of communication


(i) Verbal communication: 


Auditory means or verbal modes like speaking, singing and sometimes even the tone of voice, etc. are of significance in verbal communication.


Research shows that on an average, an individual spends about  70 per cent of her/his active time in communicating verbally, i.e., listening, speaking and reading aloud.


(ii) Non-Verbal Communication: 


Non-verbal means of communication are gestures, facial expressions, disposition, posture, eye contact, touch,para-language, writing, clothing, hair styles, and even architecture,symbols and sign language such as smoke signals used by some tribal people.


D. Classification based on the involvement of number of human senses




  • People retain 10% of what they Read    .......       visual
• People remember about 20 – 25% of what they Hear ----audio
• People keep in mind about 30 – 35% of what they See ...... visual
• People remember 50% and more of what they have Seen,  Heard
• People remember 90% and more of what they have Seen and  Heard - audio-visual

Involvement of more number of senses makes the learning more clearly understandable and permanent

Classification of communication based on number of senses involved


Type of communication Examples

1.Audio 

Radio, audio recordings, CD players, lectures, landline or mobile phones

2.Visual

Symbols, printed materials, charts, posters

3. Audio-Visual 
Television, video films, multi-media,internet

This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here

Classification of communication|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Classification of communication|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Reviewed by Bibi Mohanan on 9:45 AM Rating: 5
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