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6 January 2024

Child Development ICDS Supervisor Exam|Kerala PSC ICDS Supervisor Exam Questions

 Child Development ICDS Supervisor Exam|Kerala PSC ICDS Supervisor Exam Questions 


Development is a process that includes growth, maturation and learning. Growth

denotes change in size, length, height and weight. In other words, it signifi es a change

in the quantitative aspect of a person. Maturation, on the other hand, is highly related

to heredity. We can also understand maturation as accruing free from specifi c experiences.

The learning process of development manifests as a change in behaviour arising

out of past experiences. Though this notion has been challenged, it is still very prominent

in developmental psychology.

There are marked differences between growth and development. As has been mentioned

above growth is related to change in the physical aspect of a person and perceived

as a quantitative change. Whereas, development stands for a series of changes

leading to the orderly achievement of maturity and is qualitative in nature. Growth

can be defined as one part of development, whereas, development is associated with

overall change in a person’s growth. Growth can be measured but development can

only be assessed. Growth will bring about development, but it is not a pre-condition for

development. That is, development can occur without growth.

Stages of Development

Prenatal Period : Until birth

Infancy : Birth to 2 weeks

Babyhood : 2 weeks to 2 years

Childhood : 2 years to 10–12 years

Early childhood (2 years to 6 years)

Later childhood (6 years to 12 years)

Pre-Adolescence : Girls (11 years to 13 years)

Boys (12 Years to 14 years)

Adolescence : 13 years to 17 years

Later Adolescence : 17 years to 19–20 years

Adulthood : 21 years to 40 years

Middle Age : 40 years to 60 years

Old Age : 60 onwards

It is important to understand that every child is unique in terms of his/her development

though there are some common characteristics shared by all children with few differences.

The table given below shows the different stages of development and their

associated functions, as seen in most children.

Among the different phases of life indicated in above table, three stages – early

childhood, later childhood and adolescence – are critical for a child’s overall development

and education and are described here in detail.

Development in Early Childhood: (2–6 Years)

This is a stage where children like to do work independently. They do not like anyone

to intervene in their work. Children show aggression, disobedience and antagonistic

behaviour at this stage. They spend a lot of time playing with toys.

At this stage, children are ready for school. Though not exposed to mainstream education,

they start going to preparatory classes such as pre-school and play school. Their

social life improve, though they often prefer to keep themselves busy in their own activities.

They become self-centric and find it difficult to understand others’ perspective.

Children are very curious at this stage; they love to experiment with the things they

can lay their hands upon, sometimes even breaking their toys or other objects in the

process. Children observe elders, cartoon characters and other people whom they interact

with and try to imitate their behaviour.

Development in Later Childhood: (6–12 Years)

This stage is known by many names such as troublesome stage and elementary school

stage. In this stage, children tend to devote more time to their peer group than to their

parents. They actively seek acceptance from peers. Very often, they fight with each

other over petty things such as using each others’ toys, dresses or books, while playing

or watching their favourite TV programme.

This stage is very significant in the development process. As children start going to

school, they engage themselves with academic activities. They start making friends at

this stage and a few of these friendships may even continue in later stages. Whatever

they learn and experience at this stage, greatly influence their later life, academically

and otherwise. They develop their creative potential at this stage.

Development in Adolescence (13–19 Years)

This is the most critical stage of development in a person’s life. Children face many social,

biological and personal changes during this stage. These changes make adolescence a

difficult period to manage. Some people call this a ‘stage of stress and storm.’ This is a

transitional stage where children learn new behaviours and strive to be socially accepted.

Adolescents are sometimes confused about their identity and are unable to make up

their minds on whether that they are grown-ups or if they are still children. One of the

reasons for this is the contradicting treatments they receive from their parents, who

sometimes talk to them as adults while at other times consider them as children and

refrain from discussing with them issues of grave importance. This sets the adolescent

thinking and he introspects about his identity and his role in society.

Adolescents also face adjustment problems. Until their late childhood, parents and

teachers helped them to solve their problems; but now, they have to do it on their own.

This makes them apprehensive about failure and the resultant anxiety hinders their


Adolescence is also a stage of unrealism. Adolescents have desires and aspirations

which are beyond their reach. These unrealistic desires become a cause of emotional

instability. They have to take many important decisions during this time regarding their

career and education.

James Marcia (1999) talked about four types of identity in adolescence namely, identity

achievement, identity foreclosures, identity diffusion, and identity moratorium.

Identity achievement occurs when a person explores realistic options and then chooses

one of them. It occurs when children, after class 10 for example, are given a chance to

choose their stream for future studies. However, when all decisions are taken by elders

or parents, identity foreclosure occurs. Identity diffusion happens when adolescents

reach no conclusion about what they want to do with their lives. They have no hope

for the future and become alienated. Identity moratorium signifies identity crises. It

refers to choices getting delayed because of one’s struggle with his or her identity. With

numerous options open and professional counsellors to help, these days it is no more

referred to as identity crisis.

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3. Importance of Breast Milk

4. How to Feed Infant? Meal Plan for Infants

5. Meal Planning for the Prechoolers

Topic wise Notes for ICDS Supervisor Exam


1.      Home Science

2.      Food and Nutrition

3.      Psychology

4.       Physiology

5.       Microbiology

6.       Sociology 

7.      Nutrition and Health 


MCQ Questions & Answers for ICDS Supervisor


1.      ICDS Supervisor NOTES

2.      Previous Questions MCQ|ICDS Supervisor Exam|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC (1-20)

3.      Previous Questions MCQ|ICDS Supervisor Exam|ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC (21-30)

4.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ-1

5.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 1

6.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 2

7.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 3

8.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 4

9.      Nutrition & Health MCQ 1

10.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 2

11.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 3

12.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 4

13.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

14.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 2

15.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 3

16.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 4

17.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 5

18.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 6

19.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 7

20.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 8

21.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

22.  Elementary Care & Education MCQ

23.  Solved Previous Question Paper ICDS Supervisor

24.  Women & Child ICDS Supervisor Exam

25.  Extension Education Notes for ICDS Supervisor

26.  Complete NOTES Child Psychology



Nutrition Notes


5 Food Groups

Nutrition MCQ 1

Nutrition MCQ 2


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പഠനം വാദങ്ങൾ


ഗസ്റ്റാള്‍ട്ടിസം Gestaltism Learning methods

ജ്ഞാതൃവ്യവഹാരവാദം ( Cognitive behaviorism)

മാനവികതാവാദം (Humanism)

ജ്ഞാതൃവാദം (Cognitivism)

നാഡീമന:ശാസ്ത്രം (neuropsychology)|പഠനത്തെ സ്വാധീനിക്കുന്ന ഘടകങ്ങള്‍

കോള്‍ബര്‍ഗിന്റെ സന്മാര്‍ഗവികാസഘട്ടങ്ങള്‍

വ്യക്തിത്വം Personality

ഉള്‍പ്പെടുത്തിയുളള വിദ്യാഭ്യാസം Inclusive education

PART 2 ഉള്‍പ്പെടുത്തിയുളള വിദ്യാഭ്യാസം  Inclusive education

ദിനാചരണങ്ങള്‍ Important dates based on themes

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Complete NOTES Child Psychology