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27 September 2023

ALMA ATA Declaration and National Health Policy|ICDS Supervisor Study materials

 ALMA ATA Declaration and National Health Policy|ICDS Supervisor Study materials

ALMA ATA Declaration and National Health Policy



ALMA ATA DECLARATION

The Health Assembly of the World Health Organisation (WHO) adopted resolutions in 1976, concerning the provision and promotion of effective comprehensive health care for all people and expressed the need to hold an international conference to exchange experiences on thedevelopment of Primary Health Care. 


The conference was held in Alma Ata, the capital of the erstwhile Kazakh state of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1978. 


The Intergovernmental con ference was attended by delegations from 134 governments and by representatives of 67 United Nations Organisations, specialised agencies, and non- governmental organisation.

The conference ended with the following declaration:


 The conference strongly reaffirms that health, which is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and the attainment of the highest possible level of health isa most important worldwide social goal.

 The existing gross inequality in the health status of the people is politically, socially, and economically unacceptable and is, therefore, of common concern to all countries.

 Economic and social development is of basic importance to the fullest attainment of health for all and to the reduction of the gap between the health status of the developing and developed countries.

 The people have the right and duty to participate individually and collectively in the planning and implementation of their health care.

 Governments have a responsibility for the health of their people which can be fulfilled only by the provision of adequate health and social measures. 

A main social target of Governments, international organisations and the whole world community in the coming decades should be the attainment of a level of health by all people of the world by the year 2000 that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life.

Primary health care is the key to attain this target.

 All governments should formulate national policies, strategies and plans of action to launch and sustain primary health care as part of comprehensive national health system.

 All countries should cooperate in a spirit of partnership and service to ensure primary health care for all people.

 An acceptable level of health for all the people of the world by the year 2000 can be attained through a fuller and better use of the world’s resources.

Our government abides by this declaration. Based on this, a national health policy has been formulated.


NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY


To achieve the optimal utilisation of resources and coordinate efforts of different departments and ministries participating in prom otion of health of com munitymembers, the Government of India developed a National Health Policy in 1983.

The salient features of the policy are as follows:

 Recognition of health infrastructure on Primary Health Care approach.

 Reorientation of health personnel, involved in the delivery of government health care services.

 Intersectoral co-ordination and involvement of other sectors such as food and agriculture; water supply and sanitation; education; rural development; social welfare in health care.

 Main thrust on priority areas. These include population control, maternal and child health,

immunisation, water supply and sanitation, school health, nutrition and occupational health.

 Applied research in the identified priority areas.

 Involvement of non-governmental organisation in Health and Family Planning activities.

 Health and population education.

 Involvement of indigenous system of medicine.


 Relevant changes in medical education system to make it community oriented.

 Development of national policy on drugs, nutrition, medical education and children


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Topic wise Notes for ICDS Supervisor Exam

 

1.      Home Science

2.      Food and Nutrition

3.      Psychology

4.       Physiology

5.       Microbiology

6.       Sociology 

7.      Nutrition and Health 

 

MCQ Questions & Answers for ICDS Supervisor

 

1.      ICDS Supervisor NOTES

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4.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ-1

5.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 1

6.      ICDS Supervisor MCQ set 2

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10.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 2

11.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 3

12.  Nutrition & Health MCQ 4

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21.  ICDS Supervisor Previous Questions Set 1

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Nutrition Notes

 

5 Food Groups

Nutrition MCQ 1

Nutrition MCQ 2

 

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