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24 July 2019

Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC

Types of family Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC

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Types of Family- Sociology ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC

Types of Family

Types/Classification of Family   

 According to Anderson there is no man who does not belong to a family no matter in which form. 

According to Mac Iver and Page there are two kinds of family – Orientation & Procreation.

I. On the basis of authority 

there are 2 types of family 
  1. Patriarchal 
  2.  Matriarchal 

This type of family is  male dominant especially father or the eldest male. 

He is the supreme authority, the property is in his hands .

2. Matriarchal 

In this type of family , the authority on the hand of mother.

II.On the basis of residence 

1. Patrilocal 
2. Matrilocal 

 1. Patrilocal 

In this type of family the members stay in father's house

2. Matrilocal 

In this type of family, the members stay in mothers' house 

III.On the basis ancestors 




This type of family demanded from pap's side 


This type of family from mother's side.

IV.On the basis of Marriage 


This is based on marriage between one male and one female and the male is allowed to marry again if his wife allows.


This refers to that family which has one male, two female or one female two male. 

This is subdivided into 2.

(a)Polyandrous (b) polygynous 

 one male and more than one female marriage . 

After 1955 the Hindus were restricted to having more than one at a time. 

The muslims are allowed to have upto 4. 

This came into being because of the ratio of man and women – women's ratio being more. (I can keep 4 or 5 wives). 

Also the Rajputs in war married the queens of the kings and defeated or kept them as mistresses. 


 The women  many husbands again divided into two 

(i) Fraternal (ii) Non-fraternal.

 (i)  Fraternal: the hubbies are brothers like Draupadi – the ratio of man and women that of man being 

(ii) Non-fraternal: Matrilocal . It is usually so the hubbies are not brothers.

 This type is still found in the tribal like the Todas of Nilgiris, Nayars of Malabar in Kerala.

V.Family based on No. of members of family: 

1. Nuclear family 

2. Joint family 

1. Nuclear family 

It is that family where husband, wife and mostly unmarried children. This is due to civilization and industrialization on the basis of relationship.

2. Joint family 

    This  is specially an important characteristics of the Indian society. 

A group of families living together eating food, cooked under a single (same) roof, holding property in common, worship a common deity and the members are related to each other by some particular type of kinder. 

The head is the father and he decides everything in the family.

In this family there is a generation depth of 3 or more generations. It is also called as an extended family in  society 

There are 2 types (1) consanguineous (ii) conjugal

 (i) refers to the family with blood relation. 
The husband and wife too are blood relations, in Muslim. 
 (ii) The husband and wife come from different class or families (i.e. family of procreation)

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