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5 July 2019

ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|Hygiene and Sanitation


ICDS Supervisor Exam Kerala PSC|Hygiene and Sanitation

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Hygiene and Sanitation



When we speak of hygiene we are concerned with essentially two aspects: 

personal and environmental. 



Health depends to a great extent on the social environment as well as on lifestyle and behaviour, including food intake. 

It is also closely related to hygiene. 

Poor hygiene leads to several infections and infestations such as worm infestations.
  



Environmental hygiene comprises external matter, both organic and inorganic, at the domestic hygiene (home) and community levels. 

This includes physical factors such as water, air, housing, radiation, etc., as well as biological factors such as plants, bacteria, viruses, insects, rodents and animals.

Environmental health needs attention so as to create and maintain
ecological conditions that will promote health and prevent disease. 

Among these, safe drinking water and sanitation, especially feaces disposal, are of great importance. Similarly air and water pollution are of concern. 

Water quality is important as contaminated water is the cause for many diseases such as diarrhoea, worm infestations, skin and eye infections, guinea worm, etc.



Food Hygiene: 

Food-borne illnesses occur when we consume food that contains disease-causing (pathogenic) micro-organisms. 

Several factors are needed for a food-borne illness to occur.

• Either the organism or the toxin must be present in the food eaten.
• The number of pathogenic micro-organisms must be in sufficient
numbers.
• The contaminated food must have been consumed in sufficient quantity.


The illnesses that are caused include diarrhoea, dysentery, amoebiasis, infective hepatitis, typhoid, listeriosis, botulism, cholera, gastroenteritis.

Most of these are traced back to poor personal and food handling practices
as outlined below.

Use of food items that are spoiled/infected/unsafe, include water,
spices, seasonings, mixes.


- Improper storage leading to multiplication of disease causing microorganisms.
-Not practising insect and vermin control.
- Use of contaminated equipment, utensils and plates, spoons, glasses
- Inadequate cooking.
- Storage of foods at temperatures favourable to growth of microorganisms ( 4 to 600C).
- Improper cooling.
- Improper/inadequate heating/reheating of cooked foods/left overs.
- Cross contamination.
- Leaving food uncovered.
- Use of contaminated substances for garnishing.
- Poor hygiene and sanitation of persons handling food, such as unclean clothes, not washing of hands, dirt and grime under the nails.



Effective practices related to nutrition, health and hygiene are essential to be productive in the work that one does, within home or outside the home. 
This topic is important for the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Exam. You can check the ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Syllabus HERE.
You can Go to more posts Regarding ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Here.

More ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSCSociology Notes Here
ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Homescience Notes Here

ICDS Supervisor Kerala PSC Food ,Nutrition and Health Notes Here

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