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15 August 2023

LEGAL AWARENESS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS / PSC Questions and Answers|PSC Degree Level Questions and Answers | PSC New Pattern Syllabus Question

 LEGAL AWARENESS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS / PSC Questions and Answers|PSC Degree Level Questions and Answers | PSC New Pattern Syllabus Question

1. Who was the first Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission?

(a) Js. J.S.Varma (b) Js. A.S.Anand

(c) Js. Rangnath Mishra (d) Js.M.N.Venkitachellayya

Answer: (c)

2. A person who knowingly and voluntarily participates with another in a criminal activity

(a) Accomplice (b) Martinet

(c) Truant (d) Pagan

Answer: (a)

3. Release of an accused on finding that he is not guilty under criminal law:

(a) Summons (b) Acquittal

(c) Prorogue (d) Bail

Answer: (b)

4. The person who makes and subscribes an affidavit.

(a) Defendant (b) Attorney

(c) Affiant (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

5. To take into custody by legal authority.

(a) Arrest (b) Bail     (c) Surrender (d) Elope

Answer: (a)

6. The name of a writ having for its object to bring a person before a court

(a) Mandamus (b) Habeus Corpus

(c) Certiorari (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

7. A voluntary, written, or printed declaration of facts, confirmed by the oath of the party making it before a person with authority to administer the oath

(a) Affidavit   (b) Writ      (c) Summons    (d) Verdict

Answer: (a)

8. The hearing of a dispute by an impartial third person or persons (chosen by the parties), whose award the parties agree to accept.

(a) Court Martial (b) Arbitration

(c) Alteration (d) Alibi

Answer: (b)

9. A foreign-born person who has not qualified as a citizen of the country.

(a) Plaintiff  (b) Alien     (c) Culprit (d) Guarenter

Answer: (b)

10. A private, disinterested person chosen by the parties in arbitration to hear evidence concerning the dispute and to make an award based on the evidence.

(a) Arbitrator   (b) Defendant     (c) Plaintiff   (d) Counsel

Answer: (a)

11. The criminal offence of exhorting money with threats of detrimental action, as such exposure of some misconduct on the part of the victim:

(a) Black Market (b) Blackmail

(c) Kidnap (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

12. An agreement to stop the war:

(a) Guarentee (b) Memorandum

(c) Armistice (d) Amnesty

Answer: (c)

13. Concealing of objects by various means to deceive the enemy about their location and thereby protecting them from air and land attacks:

(a) Sabotage (b) Camouflage

(c) Guerilla warfare (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

14. Enquiry Commissions are appointed under the Commission of Enquiry Act of:

(a) 1952 (b) 1955    (c) 1960 (d) 1962

Answer: (a)

15. Gestapo was the secret police in:

(a) Russia (b) France   (c) Italy (d) Germany

Answer: (d)

16. In which prison the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi was hanged?

(a) Chennai (b) Ambala      (c) Yervada (d) Tihar

Answer: (b)

17. Indian Evidence Act was passed by the British Parliament in:

(a) 1872 (b) 1858    (c) 1861 (d) 1891

Answer: (a)

18. The headquarters of INTERPOL:

(a) London (b) Vienna    (c) Geneva   (d) Lyons

Answer: (d)

19. The Governor-General who organized Police Force in India for the first time:

(a) Dalhousie (b) Rippon

(c) Curzon (d) Cornwallis

Answer: (d)

20. The reduction of a sentence, from death to life imprisonment.

(a) Arbitration (b) Commutation

(c) Attachment (d) Parole 

Answer: (b)

21. Trained IPS Officers will be posted for the first time as:

(a) DSP (b) ASP

(c) DIG (d) Commandant

Answer: (b)

22. The full form of F.I.R.:

(a) First Identification Report

(b) First Information Report

(c) First Inspection Report

(d) First Interrogation Report

Answer: (b)

23. Which one of the following abbreviations is correctly matched?

(a) PoW- Prisoner of War

(b) PoK-Pakistan Occupied Kashmir

(c) MOU- Memorandum of Understanding

(d) All are correct

Answer: (d)

24. The Prime  Minister of India when CBI was created:

(a) Indira Gandhi (b) Rajiv Gandhi

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

25. Which one of the following characters was created by Arthur Conal Doyle?

(a) Mandrake (b) James Bond 007

(c) Sherlock Holmes (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

26. The IPS Cadre is controlled by:

(a) President

(b) Prime Minister

(c) Defence Minister

(d) Home Ministry of Govt of India

Answer: (d)

27. Which is the first country to legalise mercy killing in the entire region:

(a) USA (b) Netherlands

(c) Japan (d) India

Answer: (b)

28. The offence of being disobedient or to be disrespectful of a court of law:

(a) Habeus Corpus (b) Quo Warranto

(c) Contempt of Court (d) Quarantine

Answer: (c)

29. The type of writ petition described as the best assurance for human liberty:

(a) Mandamus (b) Quo Warrnato

(c) Certiorari (d) Habeus Corpus

Answer: (d)

30. Period of compulsory isolation or detention enforced against travellers not

in possession of required health certificates:

(a) Quarentine (b) Curfew

(c) Hibernation (d) Detention

Answer: (a)

31. The social disgrace is abolished by Article 17 of the Constitution:

(a) Dowry (b) Untouchability

(c) Bribe (d) Corrpution

Answer: (b)

32. Regulation enjoining withdrawal of persons from the streets or the closing of

establishments or places of assembly at a stated hour:

(a) Quarentine (b) Curfew

(c) Certiorari (d) Habeus Corpus

Answer: (b)

33. Lie detector is otherwise known as:

(a) Polygraph (b) Kymograph

(c) Black box (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

34. An officer publicly authorised to certify deeds and documents:

(a) Vigilance Officer (b) Attorney General

(c) Notary Public (d) Ombudsman

Answer: (c)

35. Prosecution of very high officials such as president, chief justice etc:

(a) Court Martial (b) Impeachment

(c) Quarentine (d) Armistice

Answer: (b)

36. A proceeding brought to a higher court to review a lower court decision.

(a) Appeal (b) Bail

(c) Allegation (d) Court Martial

Answer: (a)

37. A statement of the issues in a written document (a pleading) which a person is prepared to prove in court.

(a) Plea (b) Alteration

(c) Allegation (d) Bail

Answer: (c)

38. The act of illegal entry with the intent to steal.

(a) Stalemate (b) Immigration

(c) Elopement (d) Burglary

Answer: (d)

39. Capital crime means:

(a) A crime punishable by life imprisonment

(b) A crime punishable by death

(c) A crime punishable by deporting

(d) None of these

Answer: (b)

40. The legal process by which the government takes private land for public

use, paying the owners a fair price.

(a) Attachment (b) Condemnation

(c) Auction (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

41. Taking a person’s property to satisfy a court-ordered debt.

(a) Arbitration (b) Attachment     (c) Bail (d) Trial

Answer: (b)

42. Tear gas is otherwise known as:

(a) Lachrymator (b) Hallucinogen

(c) Analgesic (d) Anaesthetic

Answer: (a)

43. One who applies to the court for legal redress:

(a) Defendant (b) Plaintiff   (c) Counsel (d) Convict

Answer: (b)

44. The Home Minister of India during the demolition of Babri Masjid:

(a) PV Narasimha Rao (b) Manmohan Singh

(c) S.B.Chawan (d) V.P.Singh

Answer: (c)

45. The chemical used by Vigilance authorities to trap corrupted officials:

(a) Potassium permanganate              (b) Phenolphthalein

(c) Chloroacetophenon                         (d) Trichloromethane

Answer: (b)

46. The constitution of which country is known as ‘Lawyer’s Paradise’?

(a) Britain      (b) USA   (c) India      (d) Canada

Answer: (c)

47. The famous Hindi film star Sanjay Dutt was detained under ......in connection with the Mumbai blasts of 1993:

(a) PTA   (b) FERA    (c) TADA   (d) MISA

Answer: (c)

48. The National Human Rights Commission was established in:

(a) 1990   (b) 1991     (c) 1992 (d) 1993

Answer: (d)

49. The principle behind Dactylography (Fingerprinting):

(a) All human beings have fingerprints

(b) Fingerprints are indelible

(c) No two fingerprints are identical

(d) None of these

Answer: (c)

50. Which one of the following chemicals is used as tear gas?

(a) Benzyl chloride                      (b) Trichloromethane

(c) Potassium permanganate  (d) Phenolphthalein

Answer: (a)

51. The first chairman of the National Human Rights Commission:

(a) A.S. Anand (b) Venkitachelliah

(c) Ranganath Mishra (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

52. Which country started the Special Branch of Police for the first time?

(a) England (b) USA

(c) India (d) China

Answer: (a)

53. Borstel Schools are established for offenders below the age of:

(a) 12     (b) 13     (c) 14    (d) 16

Answer: (d)

54. Books banned by the Government are known as:

(a) Black Books (b) Green Books

(c) Red Books (d) Yellow Books

Answer: (c)

55. Who argued for the first time for the inclusion of Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India?

(a) MK Gandhi           (b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Motilal Nehru    (d) BR Ambedkar

Answer: (c)

56. Who was the exponent of the first Criminal Code in the world?

(a) Hannibal (b) Romulus

(c) Alexander (d) Hammurabi

Answer: (d)

57. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) is the secret police of:

(a) USA   (b) UK (c) France (d) Russia

Answer: (a)

58. The headquarters of the European Court of Justice:

(a) Geneva (b) London

(c) Luxembourg (d) Hague

Answer: (c)

59. The headquarters of the International Court of Justice:

(a) New York (b) The Hague

(c) Geneva (d) London

Answer: (b)

60. Who introduced the Preventive Detention Bill in Parliament?

(a) JB Kripalani                   (b) BR Ambedkar

(c) Lal Bahadur Shashri   (d) Sardar Patel

Answer: (d)

61. Temporary cessation or suspension of hostilities:

(a) Armistice (b) Curfew

(c) Espionage (d) Quarentine

Answer: (a)


62. The term ‘Modus Operandi’ means:

(a) Method of Operation

(b) Methode of performance

(c) Method of Attack

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

63. Trial of persons who violated military law:

(a) Court Martial (b) Impeachment

(c) Curfew  (d) Contempt of Court

Answer: (a)

64. The action of digging of a buried dead body for re-postmortem:

(a) Excavation (b) Exhumation

(c) Superimposing (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

65. General pardon is given to offenders:

(a) Armistice (b) Truce

(c) Court Martial (d) Amnesty

Answer: (d)

66. The law which prevents the reproduction of literary or artistic works:

(a) Copyright (b) Patent

(c) Easement (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

67. The responsibility of national defence rests with:

(a) The president  (b) The prime minister

(c) The cabinet  (d) The defence minister

Answer: (c)

68. A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant.

(a) Order (b) Decree

(c) Conviction (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

69. A tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a person’s death:

(a) Estate duty (b) Excise duty

(c) Corporate tax (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

70. A writ of review issued by a higher court to a lower court.

(a) Certiorari             (b) Quo warranto

(c) Habeus Corpus  (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

71. An act in violation of the penal laws of a state:

(a) Sedition (b) Crime

(c) Anarchy (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

72. Detaining of a person by lawful process or authority to assure his or her appearance to any hearing:

(a) Parole (b) Custody

(c) Prosecution (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

73. Formal written charge that a person has committed a criminal offence.

(a) Verdict (b) Decree

(c) Complaint (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

74. Persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts:

(a) Alien   (b) Plaintiff      (c) Bankrupt   (d) Intestate

Answer: (c)

75. Rules or laws adopted by an association or corporation to govern its actions.

(a) Bylaws (b) Will

(c) Charter (d) Quorum

Answer: (a)

76. The word ‘Police’ was coined by:

(a) Edgar Hoover (b) Robert Peel

(c) William Bentick (d) O.W.Wilson

Answer: (b)

77. An order issued by a court asking a person to appear before it is called:

(a) Warrant      (b) Writ        (c) Summons        (d) Appeal

Answer: (c)

78. The prime minister of India when RAW (Research and Analysis Wing) was


(a) Indira Gandhi (b) Rajiv Gandhi

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

79. The first person in India who was detained under POTA (Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act):

(a) Sanjaya Dutt                         (b) AK Gopalan

(c) Vaiko (Y. Gopalaswamy)         (d) None of these

Answer: (c)

80. The Executive Magistrate of a district:

(a) RDO     (b) Tahsildar    (c) District Collector (d) DSP

Answer: (c)

81. The Judicial System of India is influenced by:

(a) USA (b) Australia   (c) Japan (d) Canada

Answer: (a)

82. Al-Qaida is a:

(a) Sunni extremist group

(b) Shia extremist group

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

83. The International Police Commission was set up in:

(a) 1914   (b) 1918    (c) 1923  (d) 1933

Answer: (c)

84. The Criminology Institute under the Home Ministry of India is at:

(a) New Delhi (b) Hyderabad

(c) Chennai (d) Ghaziabad

Answer: (a)

85. The first state in India where a ruling government was dismissed by invoking Article 356 of the Constitution:

(a) Punjab    (b) Andhra      (c) Kerala  (d) PEPSU

Answer: (c)

86. The act of releasing a person under police custody, with some conditions:

(a) Parole     (b) Bail        (c) Trial          (d) None of these

Answer: (b)

87. Pentagon is the defence headquarters of:

(a) UK        (b) USA         (c) Russia        (d) France

Answer: (b)

88. The exponents of the Indian Penal Code:

(a) Indian Law Commission             (b) Constituent Assembly

(c) Cabinet Mission                      (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

89. Who headed the Indian Law Commission?

(a) Thomas Monroe           (b) Jonathan Duncan

(c) Robert Palk            (d) Lord Macaulay

Answer: (d)

90. The first country to organise the modern police force:

(a) England (b) France

(c) USA (d) Russia

Answer: (a)

91. The full form of C.I.D.:

(a) Criminal Information Department

(b) Criminal Identification Department

(c) Criminal Investigation Department

(d) Criminal Interrogation Department

Answer: (c)

92. The first country in the world to start a Finger Print Bureau:

(a) USA         (b) England      (c) India        (d) France

Answer: (c)

93. The country where the system of Ombudsman was started:

(a) Norway      (b) Sweden         (c) Germany             (d) Italy

Answer: (b)

94. The study of lawmaking:

(a) Nomology        (b) Jurisprudence

(c) Penology            (d) Criminology

Answer: (a)

95. An order from the Supreme Court or High Court to restrain a person acting in an office to which he is not entitled:

(a) Habeus Corpus           (b) Certiorari

(c) Quo Warranto             (d) Prohibition

Answer: (c)

96. Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) was passed by the Parliament in:

(a) 1956   (b) 1971   (c) 1973  (d) 1977

Answer: (b)

97. Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Woman and Girls Act (SITA) was passed by Parliament in:

(a) 1971   (b) 1972    (c) 1956   (d) 1985

Answer: (a)

98. Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act (COFEPOSA) was passed by Parliament in:

(a) 1971    (b) 1973   (c) 1975   (d) 1977

Answer: (a)

99. Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act was passed by

Parliament in:

(a) 1985        (b) 1986      (c) 1987 (d) 1988

Answer: (a)

100. The temporary release of prisoners:

(a) Parole             (b) Bail

(c) Summons      (d) None of these

Answer: (a)

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