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14 February 2023

[PDF] Syllabus of Station Officer trainee in Fire and Rescue Services|Kerala PSC 93/2020 syllabus|


[PDF] Syllabus of Station Officer trainee in Fire and Rescue Services|Kerala PSC 93/2020 syllabus|


(Category Nos: 93/2020)



Main Topics 

Part I :  Physics       ( 12 Marks)

Module  1.    Properties of Matter       (3 marks)

Module 2.   Thermal Physics     (2 marks)

Module 3.   Optics    (3 marks)

Module 4.  Modern Physics    (4 marks)

Part II  :   Chemistry   ( 12 Marks)

Module 1.      Inorganic chemistry          (4 marks)

Module 2.   Organic chemistry   ( 4 marks)

Module3.  Physical  chemistry ( 4 marks)

Part III  :   Zoology    (12 Marks)

Part IV : BOTANY (12 Marks)

Module­1   The plant Kingdom      (2 marks)

Module­2   Plant morphology and anatomy    (3 marks)

Module – 3   Plant Physiology   (3 marks)

Module­4   Economic Botany   (2 marks)

Part V  :    Mathematics  ( 12 Marks)

Part VI : Job Related Topics (20 Marks)

Part VII : Renaissance in Kerala & General Knowledge


Part I :  Physics       ( 12 Marks)

Module  1.    Properties of Matter       (3 marks)

Elasticity­Modulus   of   elasticity,   the   three   elastic   modulii,   Surface

tension­shapes of drops, concept of excess of pressure, capillary rise, variation

of surface tension with temperature, Fluid Dynamics­ Streamline and turbulent

flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, Viscositycoefficient of viscosity, Stoke’s formula, variation of viscosity with temperature.

Module 2.   Thermal Physics     (2 marks)

Thermal   conductivity,   coefficient   of   thermal   conductivity,   WeidmanFranz   law,   Radiation   of   heat,   Stefan’s   law,   Zeroth   Law   and   First   law   of

Thermodynamics,   differential   form   of   first   law,   different   thermodynamic

processes, specific heat capacities, Carnot’s heat engine, entropy.

Module 3.   Optics    (3 marks)

Interference of light­ The principle of superposition, coherent sources,

Double slit interference, interference in thin films, Newton’s Rings, DiffractionFresnel diffraction, Half­period zones, Fraunhofer diffraction­diffraction at a

single slit, diffraction grating, LASER­Basic principle, He­Ne laser, optical fibrestep, index fibre, graded index fibre , numerical aperture.

Module 4.  Modern Physics    (4 marks)

Black body radiation curve, photoelectric  effect, Compton effect, Bohr

model­ hydrogen atom, wave nature of particles, uncertainty principle, wave

function, Vector atom model­quantum numbers associated with vector atom

model,   L­S   and   J­J   couplings,   Zeeman   effect,   Anomalous   Zeeman   effect,

Paschen­Back effect, Stark effect, Solids­Amorphous and Crystalline Materials,

Unit Cell, Types of Lattices, Miller Indices, Nucleus­Constituents of nucleus and

their intrinsic properties, binding energy, Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion


Part II  :   Chemistry   ( 12 Marks)

Module 1.      Inorganic chemistry          (4 marks)

Atomic   structure­   Bohr’s   atom   model,   Hydrogen   spectrum,   Heisenberg’s

uncertainty principle, de Broglie hypothesis, Quantum numbers. periodicityatomic   radius,   ionisation   energy,   electron   affinity,   electronegativity,

classification of elements into s, p, d, f blocks. 

Preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen and hydrides.  Hardness of waterTypes, causes and consequences.

Chemical bonding­ Ionic, covalent, coordinate and metallic bonds, hydrogen


Theories of acids and bases, effects of solvents on ionic strength, levelling

effect. Solubility product, common ion effect and their applications.

Theory   of   titration­   acid­base,   redox,   precipitation   and   complexometric

titrations. Indicators, Gravimetric analysis.

Metallurgy­ Various steps involved in metallurgical processes.

Sources,   effects   and   consequences   of   air,   water,   soil,   noise,   thermal   and

radioactive pollution.

Module 2.   Organic chemistry   ( 4 marks)

Nomenclature, basic concepts of reaction mechanism­ addition, substitution

and   elimination   reactions.   Preparation   and   properties   of   alkanes,   alkenes,

alkynes,   aromatic   hydrocarbons,   cycloalkanes,   alcohols,   phenols,   ethers,

epoxides, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amines and nitro compounds.

Petroleum­ Refining of crude oil, knocking, octane number, cetane number,


Polymers­Classification, Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics, Rubber.

  Module3.  Physical  chemistry ( 4 marks)


Gaseous state­ Gas laws, Kinetic gas equation, Ideal and real gases.

Thermodynamics­ first, second and third laws of thermodynamics. Enthalpies

of   formation,   combustion,   neutralisation,   solution   and   hydration,   heat


Chemical kinetics– integrated rate laws and half­lives of zero, first, second and

third order reactions. Arrhenius equation, chain reactions. Theories of catalysis,

industrial application of catalysis. Photochemistry­ Laws of photochemistry,

Quantum yield.

Physical and chemical adsorption, applications of adsorption.

Chemical   and   ionic   equilibria­   Factors   affecting   equilibrium,   Le­Chatelier’s

principle and its applications. Hydrolysis of salts and its effects. pH and pOH,

Buffer action.

Electrochemistry­ Conductance, Kohlrausch’s law and its applications, transport

number, Types of electrodes, primary and secondary cells, Fuel cells.

Basic principle and applications of UV­Vis, IR, NMR and ESR spectroscopy,

mass spectrometry.

Part III  :   Zoology    (12 Marks)

Module 1  (3 marks)

Balanced diet, PEM, vitamins, minerals and their deficiencies.

Blood   ­   composition   and   functions,   blood   groups,   blood   clotting,

anticoagulants. Heart­ conducting system and pace maker, heartbeat, pulse

and   blood   pressure,   cardio   vascular   diseases   ­arteriosclerosis,   myocardial

infarction, electrocardiogram, angiogram, angioplasty. 

Structure of haemoglobin, transport of oxygen, oxyhaemoglobin curve, Bohr

effect,   transport   of   carbondioxide,   apnoea,   dyspnoea,   hypoxia,   asphyxia,

carbon   monoxide   poisoning,   bronchitis,   asthma.   Physiological   effects   of


Module 2   (3 marks)

Types of muscles, red and white muscles. Ultra structure of striated muscle

fibre, muscle proteins, muscle twitch, all or none law, summation, tetanus,

tonus, fatigue, oxygen debt, rigor mortis. Physiological and biochemical events

in muscle contraction.

Structure   of   brain.   Neurons   ­   structure,   types   of   neurons,   nerve   impulse

propagation. Synapses and synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters.   Reflex

action,  electroencephalogram. 

Endocrine glands in man, hormones and disorders.

Module 3   (3 marks)

Cell theory, prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, structure  and functions of

Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Lysosomes, Ribosomes and  Nucleus. 

Chromatin  ­ euchromatin and heterochromatin, nucleosomes, Watson ­ Crick

model of DNA.  Chromosome  – structure, giant chromosomes­ polytene and

lamp brush chromosomes.

Human  karyotype,   pedigree   analysis,   DNA   fingerprinting,   chromosomal

anomalies   in   man­   autosomal   (Down’s   syndrome,   Edward’s   syndrome),

allosomal   (Klinefelter’s   syndrome,   Turner’s   syndrome).   In   born   errors   of

metabolism­ Phenylketonuria, Alkaptonuria,  Albinism.

Module 4    (3 marks)

Types   of   immunity­   innate,   acquired,   active,   passive,   humoral   and   cell

mediated. Cells of immune system ­ T cells, B cells and plasma cells. Primary

and secondary lymphoid organs.  Antigens,  haptens,   epitopes,   antibodies ­

general   structure,   different   classes   of   antibodies.   Hypersensitivity,

immunodeficiency diseases, immunization­passive and active, vaccination.

Part IV : BOTANY (12 Marks)

Module­1   The plant Kingdom      (2 marks)

Plant cell­ structure, cell wall and organelles, totipotency, diversity of cells and

tissues (types)

Plant   groups­   algae,   bryophytes,   pteridophytes,   gymnosperms   and

angiosperms­ diversity of thallus structure and modes of reproduction

Mesophytes,   hydrophytes,   epiphytes   and   halophytes­   adaptationsmorphological, anatomical and physiological

Module­2   Plant morphology and anatomy    (3 marks)

Modifications­ Root, stem and leaf modifications with examples

Inflorescence­ Major Types (racemose and cymose) with examples

Fruits­ kinds of fruits (simple fleshy, simple dry, multiple and aggregate fruits)

with suitable examples

Primary structures of dicot and monocot stem and roots; structure of dicot and

monocot leaves

Secondary   growth­   normal   secondary   growth   in   dicot   stem   and   root;

anomalous secondary growth (examples only)

Module – 3   Plant Physiology   (3 marks)

Absorption of water­ Transpiration pull theory only

Translocation­ Munch’s hypothesis and bidirectional transport only

 Photosynthesis­ cyclic and noncyclic electron flow for trapping solar energy by

green plants­ Co2 fixation by Calvin cycle, Warburg effect

Growth and Phytohormones­ growth curve and major physiological effects of

hormones like auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid and ethylene

Module­4   Economic Botany   (2 marks)

Major pulses, cereals and millets

Sugar yielding and fibre yielding plants­ sugar cane, Beta vulgaris, cotton and


Oil yielding plants­ mustard, sunflower, oil palm and coconut

 Morphology of useful parts in jack fruit, pine apple and coconut

Module ­5   Plant Biodiversity and conservation   (2 marks)

Biodiversity hotspots, environment protection laws, deforestation and impacts,

forest fires and biodiversity depletion, anthropogenic factors

Conservation strategies­ exsitu and insitu­ wild life sanctuaries, National parks,

Botanic   Gardens;   Major   Wild   life   sanctuaries,   National   Parks   and   Botanic

Gardens of India and Kerala.

Environmental Science

1. Environmental   Pollutions:­   Air   pollution,   Water   Pollution,

Soil   Pollution,   Marine   Pollution,   Noise   Pollution,   Thermal


2. Solid   Waste   Management:­   Waste   Minimization,   Recycling

and   Re­use,   Consuming   environment   friendly   products.   Ewaste Management.

3. Enviromental Issues:­ Climate Changes, GlobalWarming, Acid

Rain, Ozone layer depletion

Part V  :    Mathematics  ( 12 Marks)

Module 1 :- Linear Algebra:

 Matrix – multiplication - determinants – transpose

– symmetric matrix – Hermitian matrix – rank – characteristic roots-Cayley’s

theorem (2 Marks)

Module 2 :- Complex numbers: 

Basic definitions-basic operations with

complex numbers-Real and imaginary part - polar form of a complex numberproducts- quotients – powers - modulus - roots of complex number- n th root of

unity (2 Mark)

Module 3: - Analytic Geometry:

 distance formula - straight line – angle

between lines – general second degree equation to represent circle – ellipse –

parabola- hyperbola- polar coordinate – cylindrical coordinate – spherical

coordinates. (1 Mark)

 Module 4 :- Calculus: 

limit of a function – indeterminate form – L’Hospital’s rule

– continuous function – derivatives – increasing and decreasing function – critical

points – stationary points – maxima and minima – concave up and concave down

– point of inflexions ( 2 Mark)

Module 5:- First Order Deferential Equation: 

Order – degree – separable

equation – linear equation – exact equation – homogeneous equation with

constant coefficients. ( 1 Mark)

Module 6 : -Vector calculus: Position vector of a point – magnitude – dot

product – projection of vector – angle between vectors – cross product – scalar

triple products – gradient – divergent – curl- solenoidal vector – irrotational

vector. (2 Marks)

Module 7 : ­ Abstract Algebra:  

Group – properties and examples –

subgroup­ cyclic groups – Permutations – rings – integral domains –

ideals – fields. ( 2 Marks )

Part VI : Job Related Topics (20 Marks)

I. Basics of Fire (2 Marks)

a. Fire triangle

b. Basics of fire extinguishment

c. Spread of fire

d. Fire Extinguishers

e. Properties of Water

II. Heat and Combustion (4 Marks)

a. Flash Point

b. Fire Point

c. Range of flammability

d. Critical Temperature

e. Critical Pressure

f. Types of Combustion

g. Smoke and Ventilation

h. Modes of Heat Transfer

III. Electricity (2 Marks)

a. Ohm’s Law

b. Conductor and Insulator – Properties

c. Joule’s Law

d. Static Electricity

e. Earthing, Bonding and Grounding

f. Lightning protection

g. Electro static spark & Electric Arc

h. Transformer

IV. Basic Life Support (First Aid) (3 Marks)

a. Concept of First Aid

b. CPR

c. Bleeding

d. Fractures

e. Burns

f. Chocking

g. Drowning

h. Snake Bite

V. Fluid Mechanics (1 Mark)

a. Bernoulli’s Theorem and Venturi effect

b. Pascal’s Law

c. Velocity and flow

d. Flow of water through pipes

e. Jet Reaction

VI. Pumps (2 Marks)

a. Different types of Pumps

b. Efficiency of Pump

c. Priming System

d. Cooling System for pumps

VII. Hazardous Chemicals (2 Marks)

a. Hazardous Substances

b. Acids Alkalis

c. Explosives

d. Water Reactive Chemicals

e. Radio Active Materials – chances of emergency, handling and

History of emergencies

f. Storage, Handling and Transportation Emergencies – History

VIII. Liquid and Gaseous Fuels (2 Marks)

a. Petroleum products

b. LPG, LNG and CNG

c. Cryogenic Gases



IX. Building Construction (2 Mark)

a. Structural Fire Protection

b. Elements of structure

c. Elements of Construction

d. Behavior of different construction materials in fire

e. Fire Resistance

Part VII : Renaissance in Kerala & General Knowledge,Current Affairs (10 Marks)


Towards A New Society

Introduction to English education - various missionary organisations and their functioningfounding of educational institutions, factories.printing press – CMS Press etc.

Efforts To Reform The Society

(A) Socio-Religious reform Movements

SNDP Yogam, Nair Service Society, Yogakshema Sabha, Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham,

Vaala Samudaya Parishkarani Sabha, Samathwa Samajam, Islam Dharma Paripalana

Sangham, Prathyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha, Sahodara Prasthanam etc.

(B) Struggles and Social Revolts

Upper cloth revolts.Channar agitation, Vaikom Sathyagraha, Guruvayoor Sathyagraha,

Paliyam Sathyagraha. Kuttamkulam Sathyagraha, Temple Entry Proclamation, Temple Entry

Act .Malyalee Memorial, Ezhava Memorial etc.

Malabar riots, Civil Disobedience Movement, Abstention movement etc.

Role Of Press In Renaissance

Malayalee, Swadeshabhimani, Vivekodayam, Mithavadi, Swaraj, Malayala Manorama,

Bhashaposhini, Mathrubhoomi, Kerala Kaumudi, Samadarsi, Kesari, AI-Ameen,

Prabhatham, Yukthivadi, Deepika – Nasrani Deepika, etc

Awakening Through Literature

Novel, Drama, Poetry, Purogamana Sahithya Prasthanam, Nataka Prashtanam, Library

movement etc

Women And Social Change

Parvathi Nenmenimangalam, Arya Pallam, A V Kuttimalu Amma, Lalitha Prabhu.Akkamma

Cheriyan, Anna Chandi, Lalithambika Antharjanam and others

Leaders Of Renaissance

Thycaud Ayya Vaikundar, Sree Narayana Guru, Ayyan Kali.Chattampi Swamikal,

Brahmananda Sivayogi, Vagbhadananda, Poikayil Yohannan(Kumara Guru) Dr Palpu,

Palakkunnath Abraham Malpan, Mampuram Thangal, Sahodaran Ayyappan, Pandit K P

Karuppan, Pampadi John Joseph, Mannathu Padmanabhan, V T Bhattathirippad, Vakkom

Abdul Khadar Maulavi, Makthi Thangal, Blessed Elias Kuriakose Chaavra, Barrister G P

Pillai, TK Madhavan, Moorkoth Kumaran, C. Krishnan, K P Kesava Menon, Dr.Ayyathan

Gopalan, C V Kunjuraman, Kuroor Neelakantan Namboothiripad, Velukkutty Arayan, K P

Vellon, P K Chathan Master, K Kelappan, P. Krishna Pillai, A K Gopalan, T R Krishnaswami

Iyer, C Kesavan. Swami Ananda Theerthan , M C Joseph, Kuttippuzha Krishnapillai,

Nidheerikkal Manikathanar and others

Literary Figures

Kodungallur Kunhikkuttan Thampuran, KeralaVarma Valiyakoyi Thampuran, Kandathil

Varghese Mappila. Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer, G

Sankara Kurup, Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, Chandu Menon, Vaikom Muhammad Basheer.

Kesav Dev, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, Ponkunnam Varky, S K Pottakkad and others

 General Knowledge and Current Affairs


Basics of Computer

 1. Hardware

 Input Devices (Names and uses)

 Output Devices (Names and uses/features)

 Memory devices - Primary and Secondary (Examples, Features)

 Evolution of the Computing Machines

 Generation of Computers

 2. Software

 Different types of Programming Languages

 Types of Errors

 Classification – System software and Application software

 Operating System – Functions and examples

 Popular Application software packages – Word processors, Spreadsheets,

Database packages, Presentation, Image editors (Uses, features and

fundamental concepts of each)

 Basics of programming – Types of instructions (Input, Output, Store,

Control, Transfer) (Languages need not be considered)

 3. Computer Networks

 Types of networks – LAN, WAN, MAN (Features and application area)

 Network Devices – Media, Switch, Hub, Router, Bridge, Gateway (Uses

of each)

 4. Internet

 Services – WWW, E-mail, Search engines (Examples and purposes)

 Social Media (Examples and features)

 Web Designing – Browser, HTML (Basics only)

 5. Cyber Crimes and Cyber Laws

 Types of Cyber Crimes (Awareness level)

 Information Technology Act and Other Laws (Awareness level)


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